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Machinery universal parts industry "from big to strong"

Time:2012-05-21 01:39

   China Machinery General Parts Industry Association annual meeting was held in Jiyuan, Henan Province. The reporter learned from the meeting that in 2011, the industry's total output value and import and export value hit a record high. Considering the impact of favorable and negative effects, the association believes that China's general machinery parts industry will be "Eleventh Five-Year" period of rapid growth in scale expansion into the "12th Five-Year" period "great changes" & rdquo; The medium-term growth period.


   Industry output value, import and export value hit a record high


   According to Wang Changming, secretary-general of China Machinery General Parts Industry Association, in 2011, the total output value of machinery parts and components industry reached 303.7 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 21%, a record high. Among them, the output value of gears was 178 billion yuan, an increase of 22.7% year-on-year; the output value of fasteners was 68 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 21%; the chain, springs, powder metallurgy, and transmission couplings all maintained an increase of 19%.


   The value of imports and exports of the industry also set a new record high, with total imports and exports reaching 27.44 billion U.S. dollars, a year-on-year increase of 23%. Among them, the import value was 16.95 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 16% year-on-year; the export volume reached 10.49 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 37% year-on-year, and the industry's total import and export volume was still the trade deficit, and the deficit was 8% lower year-on-year.


   According to the export analysis, the total exports of fasteners, gears, and chains accounted for 93% of the total export value of the industry. After the fasteners protested against the U.S. and the European Union’s anti-dumping efforts, the export situation increased steadily and created US$4.87 billion. A new record high. Compared with 2009, the unit price of fastener exports was also increased from US$0.147 million to US$0.185 million. After deducting exchange rate effects, the unit export price also increased by 15%.


   Import analysis showed that the import volume of gears reached 12.49 billion U.S. dollars, accounting for 73% of the total industry import volume. The total import volume of all kinds of vehicle transmissions and their components reached 8.85 billion U.S. dollars, accounting for 71% of the total volume of imported gears. The rest were imported industrial gears. The fastener import volume was 3.18 billion U.S. dollars, accounting for 18% of the total industry import volume.


   The industry will enter the period of rapid growth from rapid growth


   The association believes that during the "Eleventh Five-Year" period, mechanical universal parts have grown into large-scale, complete categories and solid foundation industries, but there are problems such as extensive development methods, weak independent innovation capabilities, and low product technical performance. During the "12th Five-Year Plan" period, the industry will enter the period of rapid growth with scale expansion and enter the medium-term growth period driven by independent innovation and transformation and upgrading.


   According to Wang Changming, the "12th Five-Year Plan" period, especially in 2012, the mechanical parts and components industry is facing a rare opportunity for development. First of all, the national policy environment is conducive to the development of the industry. Second, national industrialization and urbanization are a long-term process. Domestic demand remains strong. The development of modern equipment manufacturing and strategic emerging industries also provides a base for the basic parts and components industry. Once again, changes in the international trade pattern are also conducive to the export of parts and components. In 2011, after the fastener protest against the European Union levied high anti-dumping duties, the EU subverted the EU's relevant anti-dumping legal provisions and forced the EU to export to China. Re-examination of various commodities will bring favorable changes to China's mechanical parts exports.


   However, in 2012, the general parts industry also faced many difficulties and uncertainties. First of all, due to the lack of competitiveness of China's spare parts and components in the high-end market, a large number of high-end parts and components can only rely on imports. This has brought a lot of pressure to domestic parts and components companies to transform into high-end products. Second, in recent years, developed countries in Europe and America The unstable economic situation, the pre-existing financial crisis, and the controversy over claims, coupled with its “re-industrialization” policies and the expansion of exports to reduce imports, have a direct impact on China's exports of parts and components; in addition, inflation and appreciation of the renminbi The rising cost of raw materials and labor have also become the norm.


   Wang Changming said that these factors determine that the general parts industry and even the entire equipment manufacturing industry cannot continue to rely on scale expansion to maintain high-speed growth, and the industry will enter a period of moderate growth. In 2012, the industry is likely to be “low, high, high” and will experience some ups and downs, but it will not fluctuate.


   Changed from big to strong ” become a spontaneous initiative in the industry


   The association believes that after entering the medium-term growth period, the development of the mechanical parts and components industry must adhere to the adjustment of the industrial structure and transformation of development as the main line, focusing on the matching needs of major equipment and high-end equipment development, and insisting on enhancing independent innovation capabilities and accelerating products. Transformation and upgrading promote the industry's transformation from big to strong and realize sustainable and stable development of the industry.


   According to briefings, in 2011, industry enterprises have taken a series of targeted measures to strengthen the capability of independent innovation and accelerate the optimization and upgrading of products, and have achieved remarkable results.


   First, large enterprises in the industry have enriched R&D centers and technology centers, increased capital investment, and conducted research and development for high-end products that are urgently required by modern equipment manufacturing and strategic emerging industries. For example, the number of technicians of Hangfang Advance Gearbox Co., Ltd. reached more than 300, accounting for 12% of the total number of employees. The company has a national-level enterprise technology center and seven subordinated research and development departments and product experimental bases. In 2011, it successfully developed a marine gear for tilt angle transmission. The box is the first in China; Chongqing Gearbox Co., Ltd. has more than 700 professional technicians, 6 research institutes and undertake many national key projects such as 863. In recent years, the successfully developed MDH series unilateral dual-drive reducer can meet the Nissan 2500- The demand for 10,000 tons of cement production line won the national utility model patent.


   Secondly, small and medium-sized enterprises in the industry take the road of “specialization, refinement, and specialization” according to their own characteristics, aim at the direction of specialization, quality, and specialization, develop marketable products, and occupy an important position in market segments. . For example, Ningbo Sijin Machinery Co., Ltd. cooperates with Shanghai University to develop an environment-friendly multi-station high-speed cold heading machine, which provides a new generation of special planes for the fastener industry, and is funded by the State SME Innovation Fund; Zhejiang Gaoqiang Fasteners Development Co., Ltd. The nuclear power fasteners have been successfully applied in a number of nuclear power plants; the Yueqing Couplings Factory's successful manufacture of “super large-size universal couplings” has solved the bottleneck of large-size universal couplings in the field of wind power in China.


   Wang Changming stated that in the first year of the "12th Five-Year Plan", the industry has taken a crucial step in the development direction of "Transition and Upgrade" from "Da Xiang Qiang" to "Industry & Reality" for the industry. "Create" has laid a good foundation for development.