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Electromechanical becomes the first import promotion strategic industry

Time:2011-03-26 17:39

   The electromechanical products that sat on the export of the first-largest category of industries became the “12th Five-Year Plan” to expand imports and determine the supporting industries. On March 17, 2011, eight ministries and commissions including the Ministry of Commerce issued the "Several Opinions on the Implementation of Active Electromechanical Products Import Promotion Strategies during the Twelfth Five-Year Plan Period" (hereinafter referred to as "Several Opinions"), clearly proposing to increase To import advanced technology, key equipment, key components, and foreign support for exporting high-tech and advanced equipment to China, through digestion and absorption, to increase the competitiveness of domestic companies, and finally cultivate a number of strong technological innovation capabilities and independent core Technology's Multinational Electromechanical Enterprise Group.


   Leading export leader "leads high limit"

   Big but not strong, is the problem that China's mechanical and electrical products have been facing.

   According to statistics from the Ministry of Commerce, China's mechanical and electrical products have maintained the status of the largest category of export commodities for 16 years in a row, accounting for 60% of the total volume of foreign trade exports. At present, China’s exports have leapt to the top in the world. Although the current structure of China's mechanical and electrical products has improved significantly, products with higher technological content and additional value, such as automobiles, ships, and aircraft, have become the main export growth, but they have not been able to compete with international advanced technologies.


   Jiang Yaoping, the deputy minister of the Ministry of Commerce, pointed out that the situation of large and weak electromechanical products, lack of independent brands, extensive growth mode, unbalanced regional development, etc., must be resolved during the “12th Five-Year Plan” period by changing the development mode.


   Therefore, in the “Several Opinions” issued by the eight ministries and commissions together with up to 24 major items, “importation of high-tech electromechanical products” has become a core element, including the gradual improvement of advanced technologies and key equipment. Imports of key components and parts; Increased import support for advanced technologies, key equipment, key components, and foreign restrictions on exporting high-tech and advanced equipment to China; Adjusting the Catalogue of Encouraging Imported Technologies and Products in a timely manner in accordance with the development needs of the industry Wait.


   How to digest imported technology into key

   “Today's imports mean future exports, which is why the use of electromechanical products as the policy of expanding imports is the vanguard. “China’s International Economic Exchange Center’s secretary general and former Vice Minister of Commerce, Wei Jianguo, said that as the country’s largest export industry, electromechanical products have a market basis. After expanding imports, they can drive domestic industrial technology upgrading and improve the future of China’s electromechanical products. The competitiveness of exports can better resolve the foreign export restrictions on high-tech products in China.


   Li Ping, secretary of the Party Committee of the Institute of Industrial Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, also believes that the policy focuses on the introduction of high-tech electromechanical products because China’s electromechanical industry does not have strong international competitiveness. It needs high-end products to stimulate competition and stimulate and guide domestic industries. Upgrade the structure, change the mode of economic growth, and enhance international competitiveness. As an important part of manufacturing, it also contributes to the improvement of China's manufacturing industry. In order to realize the introduction of genuine "high-tech" products, and avoid the situation in which some foreign countries have previously expanded imports of certain types of restricted and eliminated equipment, "a number of opinions" have also clearly stated that they will combine the state of industrial development and key industries. Plan to timely adjust the "Catalogue of Imported Commodities not Exempted from Taxes for Domestic Investment Projects" and "Catalogue of Imported Commodities not Exempt from Taxes for Foreign Investment Projects", gradually increase the technical requirements for duty-free commodities, and strictly control the equipment import management in the areas of investment category and elimination. Promote the adjustment and optimization of industrial structure.


   “For companies, it's not just about "importing ’, but more importantly, it should be on ‘absorbing’. "Relevant person in charge of the China Chamber of Commerce for Import and Export of Machinery and Electronic Products also pointed out that the Ministry of Commerce has so strongly supported the import of electromechanical products. The purpose is to "use what I use".


   This point can be seen from the document itself, "a number of opinions" clearly stated that it will increase support for encouraging the import of technical equipment to absorb and re-innovation. If the import and export of technology and equipment in the Catalogue of Encouraged Imported Technologies and Products are to be digested, absorbed, and reinvented, and if significant innovation results are identified, the state will give support.


   Will train multinational electromechanical groups

   “We hope that through our efforts, we can develop a number of multinational electromechanical enterprise groups with strong technological innovation capabilities and autonomous core technologies during the 12th Five-Year Plan period. "Department of Electromechanical and Technology Industry of the Ministry of Commerce and Deputy Director of the National Electromechanical Products Import and Export Office Zhang Qian revealed that according to the preliminary objectives, during the "12th Five-Year Plan" period, the export structure of China's electromechanical products will continue to be optimized, the Ministry of Commerce It will promote export enterprises from "shop-type" to "marketing" to support the establishment of marketing networks for 100 leading companies in 25 industries including automobiles, machine tools, construction machinery, ships, and railway equipment. An export base and 2,000 base companies. The proportion of mechanical and electrical products with their own brands accounted for the export of mechanical and electrical products from the current 8% to 15%. At the same time, the import and export of mechanical and electrical products in China strives to grow at an average annual rate higher than that of GDP and foreign trade, and strives to “12th Five-Year Plan”. At the end, the scale of imports and exports reached 2.4 trillion US dollars, of which exports reached 1.4 trillion US dollars.


   In order to achieve the above objectives, the “Several Opinions” clearly stated that it will provide financial and financial support, in which financial institutions must fully exert the role of policy-based import credits in the prevention of risks and encourage companies to introduce advanced technologies and key equipment. Components; fiscal aspects, the company's actual digestion and absorption of the year's re-innovation costs, in line with the tax law, the conditions for research and development costs, according to the provisions of the tax law can enjoy the deductions preferential deduction policy. We will further study and formulate policies to support enterprises in introducing, digesting and absorbing new innovations.